Ingress

Service Loadbalancing, Canary Upgrade
Ingress with Service Loadbalancing and Canary for Kubernetes.


Ingress with Loadbalancing and Canary Concept for Kubernetes.

1. Nginx Controller


Ingress with Install Nginx Controller for Kubernetes.

1-1) Nginx 설치


kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/ingress-nginx/controller-v1.0.0/deploy/static/provider/baremetal/deploy.yaml

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/ingress-nginx/nginx-0.27.1/deploy/static/mandatory.yaml

1-2) NodePort Service 생성


위 Nginx 설치에 포함되어 있음, v1.22에서는 NodePort Service 별도로 생성 안함

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/ingress-nginx/nginx-0.27.1/deploy/static/provider/baremetal/service-nodeport.yaml

2. Service Loadbalancing


Ingress with Service Loadbalancing for Kubernetes.

2-1) Shopping Page

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-shopping
  labels:
    category: shopping
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/shopping
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-shopping
spec:
  selector:
    category: shopping
  ports:
  - port: 8080

2-2) Customer Center

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-customer
  labels:
    category: customer
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/customer
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-customer
spec:
  selector:
    category: customer
  ports:
  - port: 8080

2-3) Order Service

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-order
  labels:
    category: order
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/order
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-order
spec:
  selector:
    category: order
  ports:
  - port: 8080

2-4) Ingress


apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: service-loadbalancing
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  rules:
  - http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-shopping
            port:
              number: 8080
      - path: /customer
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-customer
            port:
              number: 8080
      - path: /order
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-order
            port:
              number: 8080

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: service-loadbalancing
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  rules:
  - http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        backend:
          serviceName: svc-shopping
          servicePort: 8080
      - path: /customer
        backend:
          serviceName: svc-customer
          servicePort: 8080
      - path: /order
        backend:
          serviceName: svc-order
          servicePort: 8080

curl 192.168.56.30:30431/
curl 192.168.56.30:30431/order
curl 192.168.56.30:30431/customer

curl 192.168.0.30:30431/
curl 192.168.0.30:30431/order
curl 192.168.0.30:30431/customer


3. Canary Upgrade


Ingress with Canary Upgrade for Kubernetes.

3-1) App V1

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-v1
  labels:
    app: v1
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/app:v1
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-v1
spec:
  selector:
    app: v1
  ports:
  - port: 8080

3-2) App V2

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-v2
  labels:
    app: v2
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/app:v2
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-v2
spec:
  selector:
    app: v2
  ports:
  - port: 8080

3-3) Ingress - default


apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: app
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-v1
            port:
              number: 8080

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: app
spec:
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          serviceName: svc-v1
          servicePort: 8080

# Centos HostName 등록
cat << EOF >> /etc/hosts
192.168.56.30 www.app.com
EOF

curl www.app.com:30431/version

# Centos HostName 등록
cat << EOF >> /etc/hosts
192.168.0.30 www.app.com
EOF

curl www.app.com:30431/version

3-4) Ingress - weight


apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: canary-v2
  annotations:
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-weight: "10"
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-v2
            port:
              number: 8080

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: canary-v2
  annotations:
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-weight: "10"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          serviceName: svc-v2
          servicePort: 8080
while true; do curl www.app.com:30431/version; sleep 1; done

3-5) Ingress - header


apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: canary-kr
  annotations:
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-by-header: "Accept-Language"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-by-header-value: "kr"
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-v2
            port:
              number: 8080

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: canary-kr
  annotations:
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-by-header: "Accept-Language"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/canary-by-header-value: "kr"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: www.app.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          serviceName: svc-v2
          servicePort: 8080
curl -H "Accept-Language: kr" www.app.com:30431/version


4. SSL


Ingress with SSL for Kubernetes.

4-1) App V1

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-https
  labels:
    app: https
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/app
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: svc-https
spec:
  selector:
    app: https
  ports:
  - port: 8080

4-2) Ingress - ssl


apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: https
spec:
  ingressClassName: nginx
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - www.https.com
    secretName: secret-https
  rules:
  - host: www.https.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: svc-https
            port:
              number: 8080

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: https
spec:
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - www.https.com
    secretName: secret-https
  rules:
    - host: www.https.com
      http:
        paths:
        - backend:
            serviceName: svc-https
            servicePort: 8080

4-3) Secret


# 인증서 생성
openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout tls.key -out tls.crt -subj "/CN=www.https.com/O=www.https.com"

# Secret 생성
kubectl create secret tls secret-https --key tls.key --cert tls.crt

# Windows HostName 등록
파일 위치 : C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts
192.168.56.30 www.https.com

# 브라우저에서 접속
https://www.https.com:30798/hostname

# 인증서 생성
openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout tls.key -out tls.crt -subj "/CN=www.https.com/O=www.https.com"

# Secret 생성
kubectl create secret tls secret-https --key tls.key --cert tls.crt

# Windows HostName 등록
파일 위치 : C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts
192.168.0.30 www.https.com

# 브라우저에서 접속
https://www.https.com:30798/hostname


Referenece


Kubernetes


Others