Authentication

X509 Certs, Kubectl, ServiceAccount
Access API with Authenticaiton for Kubernetes.


1. X509 Client Certs


Access API with Authenticaiton X509 for Kubernetes.

1-1) kubeconfig 인증서 확인

Path : /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf

cluster.certificate-authority-data : CA.crt (Base64)
user.client-certificate-data: Client.crt (Base64)
user.client-key-data: Client.key (Base64)
grep 'client-certificate-data' /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf | head -n 1 | awk '{print $2}' | base64 -d
grep 'client-key-data' /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf | head -n 1 | awk '{print $2}' | base64 -d

1-2) Https API (Client.crt, Client.key)


# case1) postman
https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1/nodes

Settings > General > SSL certificate verification > OFF
Settings > Certificates > Client Certificates > Host, CRT file, KEY file

# case2) curl
curl -k --key ./Client.key --cert ./Client.crt https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1/nodes

# case1) postman
https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1/nodes

Settings > General > SSL certificate verification > OFF
Settings > Certificates > Client Certificates > Host, CRT file, KEY file

# case2) curl
curl -k --key ./Client.key --cert ./Client.crt https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1/nodes

1-3) kubectl config 세팅


# kubeadm / kubectl / kubelet 설치
yum install -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes kubelet-1.22.0-0.x86_64 kubeadm-1.22.0-0.x86_64 kubectl-1.22.0-0.x86_64

# admin.conf 인증서 복사
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

# Kubectl Proxy 띄우기
nohup kubectl proxy --port=8001 --address=192.168.56.30 --accept-hosts='^*$' >/dev/null 2>&1 &

# kubeadm / kubectl / kubelet 설치
yum install -y --disableexcludes=kubernetes kubeadm-1.15.5-0.x86_64 kubectl-1.15.5-0.x86_64 kubelet-1.15.5-0.x86_64

# admin.conf 인증서 복사
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

# Kubectl Proxy 띄우기
nohup kubectl proxy --port=8001 --address=192.168.0.30 --accept-hosts='^*$' >/dev/null 2>&1 &

1-4) HTTP API 호출 (Proxy)


# case1) postman
http://192.168.56.30:8001/api/v1/nodes

# case2) curl
curl http://192.168.56.30:8001/api/v1/nodes

# case1) postman
http://192.168.0.30:8001/api/v1/nodes

# case2) curl
curl http://192.168.0.30:8001/api/v1/nodes


2. kubectl


Access API with Authenticaiton kubectl for Kubernetes.

2-1) Cluster A kubeconfig

path : /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf

2-2) Cluster B kubeconfig

path : /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf

2-3) kubeconfig

apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    certificate-authority-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=
    server: https://192.168.0.30:6443
  name: cluster-a
- cluster:
    certificate-authority-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=
    server: https://192.168.0.50:6443
  name: cluster-b
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: cluster-a
    user: admin-a
  name: context-a
- context:
    cluster: cluster-b
    user: admin-b
  name: context-b
current-context: context-a
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users:
- name: admin-a
  user:
    client-certificate-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=
    client-key-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=
- name: admin-b
  user:
    client-certificate-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=
    client-key-data: LS0tLS1KVEUtLS0tLQo=

2-4) kubectl CLI

kubectl download : https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl/

windows

curl -LO https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.18.0/bin/windows/amd64/kubectl.exe
C:\Users\taemin
kubectl config use-context context-a
kubectl get nodes


3. Service Account


Access API with Authenticaiton Service Account for Kubernetes.

3-1) Namespace

kubectl create ns nm-01

3-2) ServiceAccount & Secret 확인

kubectl describe -n nm-01 serviceaccounts
kubectl describe -n nm-01 secrets

3-3) Pod

cat <<EOF | kubectl create -f -
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: pod-1
  namespace: nm-01
  labels:
     app: pod
spec:
  containers:
  - name: container
    image: kubetm/app
EOF

3-4) Https API 호출 (Token)


# case1) http
# [header] Authorization : Bearer TOKEN

https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1
https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1/namespaces/nm-01/pods/

# case2) curl
curl -k -H "Authorization: Bearer TOKEN" https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1
curl -k -H "Authorization: Bearer TOKEN" https://192.168.56.30:6443/api/v1/namespaces/nm-01/pods/


# case1) http
# [header] Authorization : Bearer TOKEN

https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1
https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1/namespaces/nm-01/pods/

# case2) curl
curl -k -H "Authorization: Bearer TOKEN" https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1
curl -k -H "Authorization: Bearer TOKEN" https://192.168.0.30:6443/api/v1/namespaces/nm-01/pods/


Referenece


Kubernetes